Iga LislamIslam (s tfinaɣ: « ⵍⵉⵙⵍⵎ »[1] ; s tɛṛabt: الإسلام) yan usgd abrahmiy ittuḥḥadn ṛbbi. Iggʷiz d f urqqas Muḥmmad ﴾ﷺ﴿, ar ttinin i wanna iḍfarn asgd ad "amslm", amata nns "imuslmn".

Lislam
Asrus n trsal 631
Amsrsl Muḥmmad
Taddagt
Ism aẓaṛan الإسلام
Ittallal dar, Inslm d oumma
Ifurkn Piliers de l'islam
Cchada
salat
zakât
Jeûne du Ramadan
Lḥǧǧ di tnslmt

Ar isslmad Lislam is iga wakuc yan d is ur illi kra n wakuc bla Allah (s tɛṛabt: الله), d is iga Muḥmmad ﴾ﷺ﴿ arqqas nns iggz fllas Lqqʷran s tɣarast n unglus Jibril ﴾﵇﴿. Tga tugt n imaziɣn imuslmn.

Ibidd lislam f smmust trsal[2] :

  1. Tugga (accahadah) : Ad ichd ufgan is ur illi kra n ṛbbi abla Allah (la ilaha illa allah), d is iga muḥmmd arqqas nns (wa muḥammad rasul allah) ;
  2. Taẓallit (aṣṣalat): Ad iẓẓall umuslm tiẓalliwin n wass s smmus itsnt ;
  3. Takuti (azzakat): Ad yaws ufgan s iqariḍn nɣ mad dark ilan atig i winna yusrn d imẓlaḍ;
  4. Uẓum (aṣṣawm): Ad yaẓum ufgan ayyur n rmḍan ;
  5. Arzzf (lḥijj): Ad d ikk umuslm mkka, iḥujju-d, iɣ as yufa.

Amuslm iga afgan nna iḍfrn asgd n lislam, isslmn iman nns i ṛbbi. Ikka d ism n lislam zɣ tutlayt taɛrabt (amyiwn: Muslim) (amagut: muslimūn/īn) . Llan mad yaẓn i 1,8 mlyar n imslmn ɣ umaḍal[3]. Gr 80% d 85% gisn gan isunniyn, ilin ula iciɛiyn ɣ kigan n tmizar n umaḍal, ggutn ɣ tmazirt n Iran d Ɛiraq d Lubnan.

Taẓallit

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Ar ittẓalla umuslm smusst twal ɣ wass, iqqan d fllas ad tnt iẓẓal ɣ tizi nnsnt. Ismawn n tẓilla n lislam s tclḥit gant[4] :

  1. Tin zikk nɣ Tifawin ɣ Tin uzkka nɣ Tin tylgi
  2. Tizwarnin
  3. Tukẓin
  4. Tin wutci (Tiwwutc)
  5. Tin yiḍs (Tiyyiḍs)

Irqqasn

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Ar ittamn umusln masd issggz ṛbbi irqqasn yaḍn.

Adam (arqqas amzwaru), dffir illa Idris, d Nuḥ, d tugt n irqqasn yaḍn twaḥsabn gan imuslmn, zun d Ibṛahim, d yiwis n ɛmmis Luṭ, d tarwa n Isḥaq d Ismaɛil, d Yaɛqub, d Yusf, d Musa, d Dawud, d Sulayman, d Yaḥya, Ɛisa iwis n Maryam .

Rmḍan

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Adɣar n imslmn isunniyn s ugmzgzaw, d win iciɛiyn s uzggaɣ

Ayyur n Rmḍan iga ayyur wiss tẓa ɣ uzwag anabawi ittili dffir n wayyur n Caɛban, iẓil wayyur ad dar imuslmn d imumnn, nttan ay-gan ayyur n uẓum nna igan yan trsal n lislam.

Issntay wayyur n rmḍan asmi ẓṛṛin middn ayyur ɣ wass 29 n caɛban, iɣ ikmml rmḍan ar sfuglan imuslmn s tfaslka n lfiṭr.

Dar wayyur n rmḍan adɣar iẓlin ɣ taysi d umzruy n imuslmn ؛ acku ɣ wayyur ad aɣ iggiz d udlis n ṛbbi lquran zɣ llawḥ lmaḥfuḍ s ignna n ddunit ɣ yiḍ n lqadar, dffir iggizd ɣ wakudn imḍfrn ɣ uzmz n tuggza n lwaḥiy lliɣ ttin ikka urqqas Muḥammad ﴾ﷺ﴿ ɣ ammas n ifri n ḥira. Lliɣ-d iggz dars lmalak Jibril, inna as : اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ tga tassurt ad tamzwarut ad iggizn zɣ udlis n ṛbbi lqqʷran.

Izdi wayyur n Rmḍan ɣ kigan n tmizar n Lislam s guda n inazwiyn n ddin zun d: taẓallit n ttarawiḥ d liɛtiaf ɣ timrawin tinggura, d tugt n tmyurin d ttaqalid zun d taɣuri i wiyyaḍ s tiram.

lqqʷran

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  Imgradn lli sis iẓlin : Lquran

lqqʷranQuran ( s taɛrabt : القرآنAl qu'ranالقرآن الكريم—Al-qur'an al-karim ) iga aḍris asgdan akkʷ ilan atig ɣ Lislam. Ar tinnin imuslmn ɣ is iga awal n ṛbbi d is-d netta ad t-id issugzn f umazan nns Muḥmmad. Ar ɣassad, udlis ad iga udlis amzwaru d udlis nna akk iqburn ittawsan is ittyura s tutlayt taɛrabt.

 
Adlis n ṛbbi lqqʷran

Umnn akk imuslmn d imumnn masd lqqʷran iga awal n ṛbbi isggizt-id s ils aɛrab f urqqas Muḥammad ﴾ﷺ﴿ s ubrid n lmalak Jibril ɣ akk n tmldawin zɣ lbiɛta nns ɣ usggas 610 ar tamttant nns ɣ wass n 8 yunyu 632. Ibḍa lquran s 114 n tassurt, illa gis 6236 n layat. Illa ɣ lquran layat makkiya d madaniyya. lqqʷran lkarim iga adlis anggaru zɣ idlisn n ṛbbi, d tilawat n lquran d ussfld nns d twuri sis gan kullu lɛibadat ittaẓ sisn umuslm i ṛbbi bac ad izddig sis ul nns. Tssnti tɣrma n imuslmn dffir ma iggiz lquran s wakal.

Tiɣrmin iqdsn

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Makka

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  Imgradn lli sis iẓlin : Makka

Tga MakkaMkka (s taɛrabt: مكة) yat tamdint illan ɣ utaram n tmazirt n Ssaɛudiyya, taggug f Tamdint Ifawn s kra n 4000 kilumitr ɣ umnid n iffus ataram, d f tɣrmt Ṭṭayf s kra n n 1200 kilumiṭr ɣ amnid acrqi, d f 72 kilumitr zɣ tiɣrmt n Jadda d aftas n yill azggaɣ. Tga Makka Lmukarrama yat tmdint tasgdant bahra ilan atig dar imuslmn. Tlla gis timzgida n Lḥaram, d Lkaɛba nna ygan lqblt n imuslmn ɣ tẓallit nnsn.

lQuds

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  Tagzzumt ad txwa ur gis illi yat d ur gis ittyura amya, Aws ɣ tirra n tgzzumt ad ! Manmk a rad skrɣ ?

Timldiwin n lislam

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Tawalt n allah ɣ tmzgida

Tafaska

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tafaska tga yat zɣ tifugliwin dar imuslmn (d tfugla tayaḍ iga tafugla n lfiṭr), ar ittili ass n 10 du lḥijja bɛd tagara n ubddi wass n ɛarafa, abddi nnag tbddn gis iḥujjajn imuslmn bac ad skrn lmanasik ixatarn lḥijj, da tagara nns ass du lḥijja. iga awd n tfaska akttay n lqqist n nbi brahim tazallit n ṛbbi ɣafs lliɣ yẓṛa tiẓṛit nnag yumrt dis ṛbbi imqqurn s uḍḥḥi s yiwis smaɛil .darat mayan , yumrt ṛbbi s tɣrsi n izimmr ɣ ubddel f yiwis, mk ttaẓn imuslmn s ṛbbi ɣ wass n tɣrsi s yan n wulli (izimmr, nɣ tafunast, nɣ alɣm) d ufrraq n uksum n tɣrsi f ayt uɣlad nɣ iwssarn d ayt tawja.

Ẓṛ uggar

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Asuɣl n lqqʷran s tutlayin timaziɣin

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Isaɣuln

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  1. carl du fuku, amawal atargiy, slm, tasna 1829
  2. ( ar ) Mad gan tirsal n Lislam s smmus ?
  3. ( en ) Max Lislam iga ddin nna itntacarn s tizla ɣ umaḍal ?
  4. ( shi ) Ismawn n tẓilla n lislam s tutlayt taclḥit
Inabiyn d irqqasn n ṛbbi
AdamCitIdrisNuḥHudṢaliḥIbrahimIsmɛilIsḥaqLuṭYaɛqubYusufAyyubCuɛaybMusaHarunDawudSulaymanYunusZakaryaYaḥyaƐisaMuḥmmad
Ẓṛ ula : Taẓallit , Uẓum , Lislam , Lquran