Tutlayt Taɣdimst

Tutlayt taɣdimst (Tamaziɣt: Ɛdims, [ʕdimes] nɣ Ɣdams, [ɣdames]; Taɛṛabt: غدامس, [ɣadaːmes]) tga yat tutlayt tamaziɣt ittusawaln ɣ uẓnig n udwwar n Ɣadamis ɣ tsuḍnt n Nalut ɣ Libya.

Taɣdimst
Aẓaran ɣ Libya
Tasga Ɣadamis
Imsiwln imlalutn
13,100 (2006)
Tantlayin Ayt Wazitn, Ayt Ulid
Ingaln n tutlayt
ISO 639-3 gha
Glottolog ghad1239[1]

Asnubbcsnfl

Timttawin f tutlayt taɣdimst smunn tn sin imsnilsn. Timttawin timzwura ifsr tnt Adolphe de Calassanti Motylinski g 1903 d 1904. Gant twuriwin n Jacques Lanfry, lli iɣama g ɣadamis zɣ 1944 ar 1945 ifsr snat twuriwin nns nna istuhmman ɣ 1968 d 1973, asagʷm yufn amzwaru. Ur jjun sul ittuskar kra n usnubbc amaynu f udɣar ad sɣ wakud ann. Ɣ tgariwin ad, ifsr Kossmann (2013) yat tjṛṛumt tatrat ibiddn f tmttawin n Lanfry.

Uṭṭun n imsiwlnsnfl

Iqddr Lanfry is llan 4,000 n umsiwl iɣ kullu ggutn[2]. Uṭṭun ɣ tidt ur ittussan min turda. Ar isawal Ethnologue f yan uṭṭan dar 10,000 ɣ 2006 d 2,000 yaḍn iddrn bṛṛa n udɣar. Maccan uṭṭun n 10,000 iga tamuttrt n imzdaɣn Ɣadamis lli kullu ur igin imsiwln n tutlayt taɣdimst. Nnig n aya, Uṭṭun ad n 2,000 n umzwag amswil ibdd f yan usagʷm bahra iqburn[3]. Ethnologue ar tt issiḍin am tutlayt illan g imizi n unɣubu "6b" (Threatened).

Tutlaytsnfl

Taɣdimst tga tutlayt tamaziɣt s waḍu nns, tari mnnawt tmẓlay tisnmslitin d tsnalɣanin timyiwnin. Amawal n tɣdimst, mk lli t izmmim Lafry, ar immal iḍiṣ idrusn zzɣ tɛṛabt. Ur ta illi kra n umsasa f ussinw n tɣdimst gr trabbut n tutlayin timaziɣin. Aikhenvald d Militarev (1984) ar tt ssiḍinn f tmaziɣt n ugmuḍ. Kossmann (1999) ar tt ismun d Twilant. Ethnologue ismma tt am Tajanat n ugmuḍ g ussinw nns.

Tasnmslitsnfl

Tirgalin

Zun d tutlayin timaziɣin yaḍn d tɛṛabt, Taɣdimst dars tirgalin tuffayin (pharyngealized) d tɣmsanin (plain dental consonants). Tg tussda tanmyẓlayt (contrastive). Tirgalin ittyubdarn gr taskiwin ar ttjṛun ɣar kra n tikkal (sporadically).

ifunimn n trgalin n Tɣdimst (IPA)
Labial

 
Labio-

dental
Dental

 
Dental

phar.
Palatal

 
Velar

 
Uvular

 
Pharyngeal

 
Glottal

 
Nasal m
Stop

 
(p)

b


t̪ˤ

 

ɟ
k

ɡ
q

 
Fricative

 
 

β
f

 


s̪ˤ

z̪ˤ
ʃ

ʒ
x

ɣ
ħ

ʕ
h

 
Affricate (tʃ)
Approximant w l̪ˤ j
Trill r̪ˤ

Iɣritn

Amata n tutlayin timaziɣin ṭṭafnt ɣar kraḍ iɣritn imslicann.

teṭṭaf Taɣdimst smmus iɣritn zun d tamacq.

ifunimn n iɣritn n Tɣdimst (IPA)
Front Central Back
Close i u
Close-mid e o
Mid ə
Near-open ɐ
Open a

Tabiblyugraftsnfl

Isugamsnfl

  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds (2017). "Ghadames". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. http://glottolog.org/resource/languoid/id/ghad1239. 
  2. Lanfry (1973:iv).
  3. Encyclopaedia of Islam, 2nd edition, article Ghadāmis (1952): 2,000 persons with a background in Ghadames living in Tunis; quoted by Lanfry (1973:iv).
Tutlayin Timaziɣin
Tutlayin Amzray Tamaziɣt taqburt†,LB
Gwanc Tagwancit
Agmuḍ Tawilant · Tasuknit · Taɣdimst · Tazrgt · Tanfust · Tasiwit
Agafa Tajnat Aṭlas Anammas AgmuḍanSṬ (Ayt Sɣruccn · Ayt Warayn) · Tanzruft Tagafayt (Tagurart · Tumẓabt · Tamaziɣt n unẓul n Wahran d Figig · Tidiklt · Tuwat · Tugurt · Tagargrnt) · Tarifit · Taznatit tagmuḍant tamɣribit · Ayt Iznasn · Ayt Snus · Tacawit · Tazwarit TatunsitSG (Tajṛbit · Tamaziɣt n Maṭmaṭa · Tasndit · Tawilult) · Tutrimt Tadzayrit (Taclfit · Tacnwit)
Ur igin tijanatin Tamaziɣt n waṭlas (Aṭlas Anammas · Llisan Al-ɣarbi · Taɣumarit · Taṣnhajit n Srayr · Taclḥiyt) · Taqbaylit
Tinawayin Tamaziɣt Tanawayt Tamɣribit · Tamaziɣt Tanawayt Tadzayrit
Twarg Tamahaq · Tamacq · Tawllammt · Tayart
Anẓul Utrim Tatsrrt · Tuẓẓungiyya
Agmmay Agmmay n Tifinaɣ · Agmmay Alatin · Agʷmmay Amaziɣ Aɛṛab · Tirra taɛibrit
Timrsal Unbiḍ AAAL (Dzayr) · SNM (Dzayr) · SGSM (Lmɣrib) · DNAFLA (Mali) · CRB (Fransa)
Ur gin unbiḍ Agraw imaziɣn (GM) · Agraw Amaḍlan Amaziɣ (GMM)
SG Ar tzray s ugmuḍan· SṬ Ar tzray s Waṭlas · Tutlayt inɣuban · LB Tettyalsbna
Amgrad ad izdin d Tutlayin iga amud, imẓẓiy ka sul. Aws Wikipidya s usnfl nns d simɣur t.